François Bourguignon is emeritus professor of economics at the Paris School of Economics. He has been the director of the Paris School from 2007 to 2013. Before that he was the chief economist and senior vice-president of the World Bank in Washington. He spent most of his research career as a professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.
His work bears mainly upon inequality and corrective policies in developed and developing countries as well as at the global level. He has authored a large number of academic papers and books. He is also active in the international development community, lecturing and advising leading international agencies as well as governments.